Pharaoh Horemheb, from his tomb in the Valley of KingsThe word pharaoh, used to denote Egyptian kings from the time before the conquest of Egypt by the Romans, is derived from the ancient Egyptian words ‘Per Aa', which originally meant ‘The Great House'. This referred to the king's palace, though from at least the New Kingdom onwards it also signified the king personally. The word also appears in the Hebrew text of the Bible and entered modern usage via the Greek.