Jean-François Champollion (1790-1832)French philologist and egyptologist
Champollion was a child prodigy who took a great interest in oriental languages. He studied in Grenoble and Paris, then returned to Grenoble for a teaching post in history. At a very early age, Champollion had conceived the romantic idea to decipher the hitherto unknown Egyptian hieroglyphs. Working with transcriptions of all available texts and languages, including the famous Rosetta Stone, he finally succeeded in 1822. Champollion later became Curator at the Louvre (1826) and co-director of the Franco-Tuscan expedition to Egypt (1828-1829).