François Auguste Ferdinand Mariette (1821-1881)French Egyptologist
Mariette was really a self-made Egyptologist and started his career as a teacher of art and French. In 1849 he obtained a minor post at the Louvre and was sent to Egypt the next year to acquire Coptic manuscripts. Here he developed a passion for excavating. He found the Serapeum of Saqqara, worked at Giza, and in 1857 became the founder of the Egyptian Antiquities Service and the Cairo Museum. As Director of Egyptian Antiquities, Mariette conducted excavations at numerous sites simultaneously, exposing the major Egyptian monuments by taking away the debris of later periods.