William Matthew Finders Petrie (1853-1942)British Egyptologist
Petrie was a self-made man without proper education, but became the greatest archaeologist of his time, working not only in Egypt but also in Palestine. He got interested in the surveying of prehistoric monuments, then went to Egypt in 1880 to work at the pyramids. There he was asked to help the newly founded Egypt Exploration Fund (the forerunner of the Egypt Exploration Society), but soon preferred to work on his own with private sponsors. Petrie worked for 42 years at numerous sites. He was the first to devote attention to minor objects and pottery. Many of these are now in the Petrie Museum of University College London, where he became the first professor of Egyptology in England in 1892.