Superstructures

Not much was left of the superstructure of the tombs which originally stood in this area. Near the south-west corner of Horemheb's tomb, a platform of mud-brick was all that was left of a Late Period tomb-chapel. To the east of this platform, and to the west of the tomb of Iniuia, there was a number of circular structures made of stacked stones and surrounding tomb-shafts. Careful excavation of these structures has demonstrated that these were the remains of several mound-shaped burials. The mounds were about 5 m in diameter and 2.5 m high and consisted of limestone rubble mixed with potsherds. The flattened tops may once have supported tiny chapels made of limestone orthostats, but only part of a single floor was still in position. The burial-shafts of these mounds opened likewise from the top of the mounds, directly to the east of the assumed chapels. The sides and base of the mounds were supported by dry stone walls and the various mounds intersect each other. Such structures have not been identified at other sites and they seem to form a wholly new type of tomb. According to the objects found in the shafts, these structures date to the Ramesside period.

Against Horemheb's exterior wall, there was a number of surface burials likewise datable to the Ramesside period. Two 18th-Dynasty pit burials from the same area lacked superstructures, apart from the presence of simple headstones without inscriptions or decoration. Otherwise, the cemetery comprised the presence of two ruined walls dated to the Late Period because of some associated pottery and provisionally identified as the remains of an embalming workshop.

Finally, one or two layers of Old Kingdom mudbricks appeared to occupy a large part of the site and to continue under the foundation of Horemheb's tomb. They are the only remains of an Old Kingdom mastaba, completely razed to the ground, and explain the scattered fragments of relief dating to the period found in the area.