Most interesting finds from Horemheb's tomb

Horemheb and (presumably) Amenia Double statue

This dyad represents Horemheb and a woman, presumably his first wife Amenia. It was found overturned at a high level in the debris of the central offering chapel, but there is no evidence to prove that this chapel was its original provenance. The head and part of the shoulders of the male person are broken off and lost. He is represented wearing a duplex wig and a tunic with pleated sash-kilt. There is a folded piece of cloth in his left hand and there are sandals at his feet. The woman curves her right arm around her husband's waist. She wears a plain wig and a close-fitting dress which are clearly unfinished; a lotus flower is just visible in shallow carving above the forehead. The statue is uninscribed. In spite of the fact that is was much damaged by art robbers since it was found, it is now displayed in the Luxor Museum.






Maxims of Ani

Maxims of AniThis fragmentary papyrus was found in 1975 in the sand and rubble of the statue room of Horemheb's tomb. The recto is inscribed with fifteen lines of hieratic in a rather thick and clear black handwriting. The beginning and end of all lines are lost, but the page seems to be preserved to its full height. The verso is uninscribed. The importance of this papyrus is that it contains part of the literary text of the ‘Maxims of Ani'. This is the obscurest of all Egyptian wisdom texts. Several more or less complete versions are known from elsewhere, but the present copy may help to shed some light on the complex interrelationship between the preserved texts. The papyrus is written in a neat hand of the New Kingdom, probably not before the very end of the Ramesside Period. The general impression is that the text was the careful calligraphic work of an experienced scribe.





Earring, found in the tomb of Horemheb Earring

This rare item of jewellery was found in 1977 in a chamber of a shaft in Horemheb's outer courtyard. The earring is made of solid gold. Its central element depicts a Pharaoh in the shape of a sphinx wearing the blue crown with uraeus, royal beard, and broad collar. It is surrounded by two ranges of gold chevrons, with coloured pieces made of deep blue and turquoise glass in between. The exterior edge is worked in twisted wire and granulated loops, originally with glass beads in between, and with five pendants dangling from the lower edge. The upper edge still has one of the loops of the suspension device. The earring, fortunately overlooked by robbers, can be dated to the reigns of Tutankhamun or Horemheb. It is now on display in the jewellery room of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.