Most interesting finds from Iurudef's tomb

PectoralThe tomb of Iurudef was reused as a burial-place for a large number of mummies dating to the Third Intermediate Period. The new mummies and coffins effectively sealed the remaining bits of Iurudef's burial which lay in the layer of sand, rubble and ashes covering the floors of the tomb-chambers. Therefore the tomb of Iurudef is unique for the large number of original burial gifts it preserved. This pectoral is an example. It was meant to contain a double heart-scarab inscribed with spell 30B from the Book of the Dead, intended to protect the deceased when his heart was weighed by the gods in the hereafter. Although the scarabs have been robbed, the pectoral is still a wonderful object, made in faience with inlays in glass. One side shows Osiris adored by the owner, a royal concubine (?) Maka. The reverse has a depiction of Isis and Nephthys on a bark.


Painted coffin
Painted coffin in the tomb of IurudefThe secondary burial in the tomb of Iurudef consisted of about 70 individuals. They were buried in palm-rib mats, papyrus coffers, or wooden coffins. The most beautiful coffin was that of an old woman. It has a striated wig with a petal fillet and lotus flowers above the forehead. The face is finely modelled, the hands protrude from an elaborate collar with many ranges of petals, roundels, and other designs. There is a standing sky goddess on the abdomen, whereas the legs have been divided into panels depicting Osiris and other gods. The side-walls also have panels with various deities, often unidentifiable. The captions in hieroglyphs are no great help, since these contain mock inscriptions only. Obviously, the knowledge of hieroglyphs was already dwindling around 900 BC when this coffin was made. Other coffins from the same tomb show far worse craftsmanship, indicated how impoverished the people of Memphis were at the time.