Pyramid of Merenre

The short-lived ruler Merenre had his pyramid built at South Saqqara, to the southwest of that of Pepi I and directly to the west, that is behind, the pyramid of Djedkare-Isesi. The scant remains have been scarcely examined, but the whole seems to adhere to the standard layout. Beyond a chapel concealing the entrance, a corridor descended down into the interior of the pyramid from the north to a chamber. After this, a further, horizontal corridor passed by three portcullises before entering the antechamber, located beneath the apex of the pyramid. The walls of this chamber, of the burial chamber to the west and of the tripartite magazine to the east were covered with Pyramid Texts. The two main chambers featured a saddle roof consisting of three layers of massive limestone beams. Inside the ravaged interior were found the intact basalt sarcophagus with lid, which still contained the mummy of a young boy. Consequently unexamined, it remains uncertain whether this is indeed the body of the king or of a later deceased. Of the mortuary complex outside but the faintest remains have been found, the unfinished state of many fragments of relief indicating that the whole was probably never completed before the death of the king.

The factfiles below are based on M. Lehner's 'The Complete Pyramids', London, 1997 and P.A. Clayton's 'Chronicle of the Pharaohs', London, 1994.

Pyramid
          Merenre
   

Pharaoh
:
Merenre
      Throne name
:
Mer-en-re ('Beloved of Re')
Dynasty
:
6
      Birth name
:
Nemty-em-sa-f ('Nemty in his Protection')
Location
:
South Saqqara
           
Ancient name
:
'The Perfection of Merenre Appears'
      Father
:
Pepi I
            Mother
:
Ankhenesmeryre
Base
:
c. 78.75 m
      Wife
:
?
Height
:
c. 52.5 m
      Son(s)
:
?
Volume (cu.m)
:
c. 107.835
      Daughter
:
Ipwet
                 
            Burial
:
Pyramid, South Saqqara