Early Dynastic Period (3100 - 2686 BC)


The first three Egyptian Dynasties (0, 1, 2) constitute the Early Dynastic Period and the beginning of the pharaonic era. When Egypt was still an unconsolidated state consisting of a number of independent chiefdoms, rulers from the South (This/Abydos ) known to us as the kings of Dynasty 0, took the first steps in assimilating them in order to establish a politically unified state. This consolidation involved the centralisation of administrative, religious, and economic institutions. Furthermore, the reigns of the kings of the First and Second Dynasties are characterised by the development of monumental architecture, artistic conventions, specialised handicrafts, luxury goods and writing