Greco-Roman Period (332 BC-284 AD)

The Greco-Roman Period of Egyptian history comprises two distinct parts: the Ptolemaic Dynasty which starts with the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 and the period of Roman domination from 30 BC onwards. The Ptolemies governed Egypt from their new capital, Alexandria, and they installed a Greek type of administration. The dominant language of the country now became Greek and Egypt became progressively more multi-cultural. After the death of the famous Cleopatra VII, the Romans assumed control over the country. The culture of the pharaohs proved extremely resilient, however, and Egypt was the only country whose culture was not heavily changed under influence of Roman rule. Temples continued to be built under the Romans in the traditional style of the pharaohs until the new religion of Christianity was accepted by the majority of the population in the course of the third century AD.